Tomato

TOMATO CULTIVATION IN OPEN FIELDS AND GREENHOUSES

Tomato is one of the most popular vegetables in the world. With the help of modern irrigation technology, this crop can grow all year round.
Top tomato-producing countries in 2008 (million tons) were: China 33.8; USA 12.5; Turkey 11.0; India 10.3; Italy 6.0
Tomato production is sensitive to temperature— the optimal temperature is 230-270 C. Temperatures lower than 150 C or higher than 350 C (and night temperatures above 210 C) are detrimental to fruit setting.
Tomatoes grow best in warm temperatures with a lot of light. Low levels of light (less than 15% of summer light levels) will greatly reduce fruit yield in fall or winter crops in greenhouses.
Tomato crops can be classified as either determinate or indeterminate: Determinate tomato crops will ripe and harvest at one time, whereas indeterminate tomato crops will grow as a vine that never tops off and can produce fruit throughout the season. 

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